According to recent reports, diabetes mellitus is presently considered as an epidemic disease in most countries. This piece however is focused on the types of common types of diabetes mellitus.
Below is an overview of the three main common types of diabetes.
- Type 1 diabetes – it is commonly referred to as juvenile diabetes, autoimmune diabetes and sometimes insulin dependent diabetes. People with this type of diabetes have an immune response against their own beta cells of the pancreas meaning the pancreas is completely unable to produce insulin at all. It is for this reason that it is called auto immune diabetes. Juvenile diabetes usually occurs in children though it is very important to understand the fact that the can appear at any age. Taking this into consideration, in order to live a normal life, you will be required to take insuli, maintain proper diet plan and exercise regularly.
It is very important to understand the fact that the main cause of diabetes type 1 are environmental factors such as chemicals and viruses which are genetically predisposed. Making reference to previous reports, at least 15% of all cases of diabetes mellitus were type 1 diabetes.Take note, some of the most notable symptoms of type 1 diabetes include urination, weight loss, increased hunger etc in addition to the above, the eyes may also be affected as blurred vision. Keep in mind, type 1 diabetes should be diagnosed early or else it may easily lead to a medical emergency such as a diabetic coma with kitoaciosis.
- Type 2 diabetes – it is commonly referred to as non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus or better yet adult – onset diabetes. This type of diabetes affects nearly 80% of all reported cases and is most common in adults. There are two mechanisms of type 2 diabetes. The first is that either there is the deficiency of insulin, or the other that there is an increased resistance of insulin. Just so you are aware, insulin resistance means that the body is not in a position to use the available insulin.
Another very important thing to take into serious consideration is the fact that this type of diabetes is generic, in spite of this, other factors such as high blood pressure, the lack of exercise, over eating habits etc have also been found to affect. In addition to this close to 80% of people already diagnosed with type 2 diabetes are overweight something which you should take into consideration as well. Simply put, this type of diabetes is treated with maintaining a proper diet, tablets and regular exercise.
- Gestational diabetes – it is very common during the later stages of pregnancy. During this period, the glucose levels return to normal. Interesting thing is even then there is usually a greater chance of developing diabetes mellitus within a period of 5 to 10 years. As strange as it may sound, women who have been diagnosed with gestational diabetes have no symptoms at all. In addition to all of the above, it is very important to note that children of women who develop gestational diabetes are at an extremely high risk of developing diabetes later on in life.
Maintaining your normal body weight coupled by being physically active will go a long way in helping you prevent the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus.